Airway clearance

What is airway clearance?

This therapy is for patients who cannot expel their pulmonary secretions because they have muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, polio or another neurological disorder that causes paralysis of the respiratory muscles (for example, a spinal cord injury).

It can also be used in the treatment of an ineffective cough due to other illnesses, such as emphysema, cystic fibrosis and bronchiectasis.

Airway clearance therapy can be administered through two techniques:

  • High-frequency chest wall oscillation system.
  • Mechanically assisted coughing system (mechanical insufflation-exsufflation).

Airway clearance techniques

Chest wall oscillation system

This airway clearance system consists of an inflatable vest connected to an air pulse generator, which carries out intermittent pneumatic chest compressions.
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Mechanically assisted coughing system

This technique aims to assist or substitute the respiratory muscles when they are weakened and unable to generate an effective cough.
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Airway clearance resources

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Other home respiratory therapies

Aerosol therapy

It is a therapy that delivers medicines by inhaling so that they quickly reach the lungs.
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Obstructive sleep apnoea

OSA is the most frequent sleep-related breathing disorder.
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Airway suctioning

Some conditions cause the accumulation of secretions that the patient is unable to cough up.
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Chest physiotherapy

Interdisciplinary intervention and fundamental clinical treatment of some patients with respiratory diseases.
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Home apnoea monitor for babies

Prevention method of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
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Pulse Oximetry

Pulse oximetry measures oxygen saturation in haemoglobin, that is, the amount of oxygen the blood carries.
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Oxygen therapy

It consists of administering oxygen at a higher concentration than it is found in the air (21 %) to treat hypoxia.
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Mechanical ventilation

A treatment that mechanically assists or substitutes the breathing of the patient through electromedical ventilators.
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Other therapies

OXIGEN salud also offers other therapies like carboxytherapy, heliotherapy, etc.
Learn more

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